The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is a herding dog breed which is said to have originated in Pembrokeshire, Wales. It is one of two breeds known as Welsh Corgis: the other is the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. The Corgi is the smallest dog in the Herding Group. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has been ranked at number "11" in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, and is thus considered an excellent working dog.
Like most herding breeds, Pembrokes are active, intelligent, and athletic dogs. The short legs may seem to be a disadvantage, but they can run faster than the average dog. As working dogs, Pembrokes were originally used to herd sheep, horses and cattle, a task they accomplished by "nipping" at their heels, their short legs helping kicks pass safely over their heads.
Pembroke welsh corgis have a white strip of fur around their neck called a 'Fairy saddle'. This strip got its name because it is believed that corgis were first ridden by fairies and they would sit on their necks when they rode.
A Pembroke is 10 to 12 inches (25 to 30 cm) tall at the shoulder and is 12 to 15 inches (30 to 38 cm) in length; Pembrokes in peak condition weigh about 27 pounds (12 kg) for the male, the females being about 2 pounds (0.91 kg) lighter unless pregnant, then the weight varies.
Pembrokes are very hard-working and loyal. They are usually easily trainable. They have title of 11th place in "Worlds Smartest Breeds". They function as good watchdogs because of their alertness and their tendency to bark. Pembrokes are typically outgoing, friendly dogs.
Coat and color
Pembrokes can be red, sable, fawn, or tricolor with or without white markings on the legs, chest, neck, muzzle, chest, belly, or as a narrow blaze on the head. Tricolors can be black headed or red headed. The American Kennel Club (AKC) doesn't distinguish amongst the tricolors; rather, it refers to them as black and tan with white markings. White above the hocks, over the top of the body or on the ears is not acceptable for conformation.
Corgis have an undercoat of fine soft fur, with an overcoat of short, somewhat coarse fur. Their undercoat sheds continuously all year round, with extensive seasonal shedding occurring at least twice each year. There can also be extensive shedding of coat in females after the weaning of pups, after a heat, or when a female is spayed. Many corgi enthusiasts believe the volume of shed fur can be significantly reduced by feeding a quality food, and regular brushing is highly recommended. Corgis with longer, thicker coats and exaggerated feathering on the ears and backs of legs are commonly referred to as "fluffy" corgis or "fluffies". The fluffy coat is a cosmetic flaw; but while it is not permitted in the conformation show ring or in breeding females, fluffies make wonderful pets and performance dogs in obedience, agility, tracking and herding.